Diabetes types and symptoms

What is Diabetes – Types & Symptoms

By: | Tags: | Comments: 0 | January 16th, 2019

Sweet things in life are not always sweet. Ask a diabetic patient and you shall know what ‘sweet’ means to them.

Diabetes, it comes in different forms and at different stages with some common and some varying symptoms of each.

With the increasing awareness about diabetes, its management, and treatment; we bring to you this article to help you know what actually diabetes is, its types and symptoms.

Surely, this article shall act as an ice-breaker for many as they will get to know what was unknown to them earlier about diabetes.

And here we begin!


What is diabetes?

Well, diabetes is a disease when the level of the blood glucose rises. Blood glucose is also known by the name of blood sugar. Whatever we consume provides us with blood glucose which is the source of energy for our body.

This blood glucose gets converted into energy by helping it to get into the cells and act as energy-provider for the body. When the body’s ability to produce or use insulin gets affected, the blood glucose stays in your blood without being converted into energy. This is the condition when diabetes surrounds your life and starts affecting it.

Diabetes is also known as “a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes”.


Types of diabetes

Diabetes, as mentioned earlier too, comes in different forms and at different stages. Each type has some common and some varying symptoms. The most common types of diabetes and their symptoms are listed here:

Type 1 diabetes

When the immune system of the body destroys the beta cells present in the pancreas, it causes type 1 diabetes. Beta cells are the ones responsible for producing insulin in the body. This type of diabetes starts showing its symptoms in adolescence.

Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes

The symptoms of this type of diabetes tend to develop within a short span of time in children whereas in case of adults symptoms take more time to develop.

The dominating symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are:

  • Feeling thirsty: The person with Type 1 diabetes continuously feels the urge to drink water as he feels thirsty most of the times.

  • Frequent urination: This sign is most common during the night time. Urination is frequent which also leaves the body dehydrated.

  • Feeling tired: The energy level reduces which makes the person feel tired and passive in his day to day activities.

  • Weight loss: The person loses weight within a short span of time. The person tends to lose muscle bulk which makes him look leaner and weaker as the time passes.

  • Itchiness around the genital area: Yeast infection around the genital area or itchy feeling is one of the prominent symptoms of this type of diabetes.

  • Blurred vision: With time, the vision gets blurred. This is caused due to the lens of the eye changing its shape.

  • Slow healing of cuts: Cuts and wounds take a long time to heal when a person’s body gets affected by this type of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes

When the insulin produced by your pancreas is unable to work properly or the pancreas is unable to make enough insulin, this condition leads to type 2 diabetes. Due to the inability of insulin to function properly, the blood glucose level keeps rising.

Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes

Generally, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are hard to recognize in most of the cases.

The dominating symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:

  • Feeling thirsty: The person feels thirsty at most of the times and drinks lots of water regularly.

  • Headaches: Fatigue and headaches accompany this type of diabetes.

  • Foot pain and numbness: High blood sugar can weaken the nerves which lead to foot pain, numbness or tingling sensation.

  • Frequent infections: Genital infection, where women are at a higher risk of developing such infections, is one such warning sign that a person may have developed type 2 diabetes.

  • Blurred vision: This type also has the symptom of blurred vision. The lens becomes unable to bend and the muscles of the eye have to exert more power to focus.

  • Feeling hungry: This symptom too may be a warning sign for this type of diabetes where a person feels hungry even after eating.

  • Weight loss: This type may bring along the loss in weight of the person. This also happens due to frequent urination where the body loses calories and water.


Gestational diabetes

This type of diabetes only happens during the pregnancy period. In other words, the blood sugar level had been normal before pregnancy but became high during pregnancy. There are some specific factors leading to gestational diabetes.

Symptoms of Gestational diabetes

The symptoms of this type of diabetes are the same as recognized in other types but here the risk is more as two lives are on stake.

The dominating symptoms of gestational diabetes are:

  • Feeling thirsty: Women feel thirstier than they usually do even when they have not eaten anything or haven’t been out in the hot.

  • Feeling tired: The feeling of being tired at the starting of the day may signal towards gestational diabetes rather than just the signs of the pregnancy phase.


Diabetes has become a very common disease. It has nothing to do with the age, gender or medical history of the person and can affect your life if it is bound to do so.

Though diabetes cannot be wiped off completely but it can be managed with the help of modern treatments under the expert’s supervision. With the right care and treatment, diabetes can be kept under control.

Are you searching for experts to help you manage diabetes? Or are you not satisfied with the current treatment that you are getting? Don’t worry. Smt. Paarvati Devi Hospital is in the region to provide you with the most effective treatments to manage your diabetes. The combination of care, compassion, and expert treatment are here to shield you against being affected by diabetes anymore at our hospital facility.

Delay no more and consult our experts today to avoid any further complications. We are always here to help you fight against diabetes and claim your victory.

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